ICT Workforce in Europe

 

3.7% of the European Labour Force, or more than eight million workers in the EU, are ICT professionals according to a definition developed in the e-skills VISION project and which is based on job classifications used in the Labour Force Surveys.The share of ICT workers in the workforce can go up to 6% in some countries like Sweden and Finland while it remains at levels around 2% in Greece, Lithuania, Portugal and Romania.Of these ICT professionals, one in six is holding a highly skilled Management and / or Business Architecture level skills position.

Have a look to see in which country, economic sector or company size the ICT workforce is working in Europe today.

ICT Workforce in Europe 2011 per Country

The total number of ICT workers in the 27 EU countries amounts to 8,058,000, which is 3,7% of the total workforce.

Select or deselect countries by clicking the buttons on the bottom of the graph. Move the cursor over the graph to see the corresponding numbers.

Table of ICT Workforce per Country in Europe in 2011

Number
Austria154,000
Belgium202,000
Bulgaria78,000
Cyprus9,500
Czech Republic216,000
Denmark124,000
Estonia28,000
Finland145,000
France931,000
Germany1,373,000
Greece73,000
Hungary163,000
Ireland82,000
Italy738,000
Latvia26,000
Lithunia28,000
Luxembourg11,000
Malta9,500
Netherlands339,000
Poland489,000
Portugal109,000
Romania202,000
Slovakia129,000
Slovenia41,000
Spain605,000
Sweden272,000
United Kingdom1,481,000

Percentage ICT Workers per Country

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Table of Percent of ICT Workers in Workforce per Country in Europe in 2011

Percent
Europe (EU)3.70
Austria3.70
Belgium4.50
Bulgaria2.70
Cyprus2.50
Czech Republic4.40
Denmark4.60
Estonia4.70
Finland5.90
France3.60
Germany3.50
Greece1.80
Hungary4.30
Ireland4.50
Italy3.20
Latvia2.80
Lithunia2.00
Luxembourg4.80
Malta5.60
Netherlands4.10
Poland3.10
Portugal2.20
Romania2.20
Slovakia5.50
Slovenia4.40
Spain3.30
Sweden5.90
United Kingdom5.10

ICT Workforce in Europe 2011 per Category

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Table of ICT Workforce per Category per Country in Europe in 2011

Management and Business Architecture LevelCore ICT PractitionersOther ICT Technicians ICT Mechanics and Manual Workers
Austria25,00078,00028,00022,000
Belgium39,000108,00021,00033,000
Bulgaria15,00035,00011,00017,000
Cyprus2,0004,0001,0002,500
Czech Republic9,500126,00028,00052,000
Denmark22,00076,00018,0009,500
Estonia2,50014,0003,0008,500
Finland29,00086,00011,00020,000
France96,000500,000245,00091,000
Germany305,000677,000165,000226,000
Greece9,00038,00013,00013,000
Hungary6,50070,00012,00075,000
Ireland11,00048,0002,00020,000
Italy65,000410,00091,000172,000
Latvia6,00016,0002,5002,000
Lithunia4,50013,0004,5005,500
Luxembourg2,0006,5001,5001,000
Malta1,5004,0001,0003,000
Netherlands128,000155,00033,00023,000
Poland51,000221,00091,000127,000
Portugal10,00056,00020,00022,000
Romania21,00082,00019,00080,000
Slovakia9,00041,00035,00044,000
Slovenia7,50017,0004,50013,000
Spain74,000323,00075,000132,000
Sweden87,000119,00029,00037,000
United Kingdom383,000918,00041,000139,000

Note: The data averages of Q1 and Q2 data 2011. For the ISCOO8-based definition see wiki.

ICT professionals per sector

The majority of ICT practitioners are working across the whole industry and in almost all sectors of the economy, and not just in the ICT industry sector, and it appears reasonable to assume that almost full employment of this occupational group in Europe exists. A third of the ICT professionals are working in the ICT and telecommunications sector (33.5%), more than a fifth (22.4%) in the manufacturing sector followed by the other services sector (11.1%) and the public sector 10.2%). The share of ICT professionals as percent of the workers in the sectors ranges from 42% in ICT and telecommunications, 6% in the financial industry and 4.5% in manufacturing to a low 1.6% in the public sector.

Table of ICT Professionals per Sector in Europe in 2012

ICT Professionals as Percent of all Workers per Sector in Europe in 2011Percentage of all ICT professionals per Sector in Europe in 2011
Construction2.705.90
Financial industry6.104.90
ICT including telecommunication42.1033.50
Manufacturing. mining. utilities4.5022.40
Other Services2.4011.10
Public sector1.6010.20
Retail & Wholesale1.907.00
Transport logistics. publishing and broadcasting3.605.00
Total4.00100.00

Note: these percentages are based on 2008 data using a definition of ICT professional comparable but notidentical with the definition used in 2011 which includes management and business architecture level skills, other ICT technicians skills and ICT mechanics and manual workers.

ICT Workforce development 2000 – 2010

The ICT workforce in Europe has been growing over the past decades and will continue to grow in the future. There has been a steady increase in the number of ICT practitioners in the workforce. And there is no indication that this trend will change. The annual growth of ICT employment has remained very robust throughout the crisis so far (Please see the note about comparability underneath).
The bottom line remains that ICT practitioner has been a very secure job and the labour market absorbs all graduates even through the crisis.

Have a look and find out more about the development of the ICT workforce in European countries over the past decade.

Select or deselect countries by clicking the buttons on the bottom of the graph. Move the cursor over the graph to see the corresponding numbers.

Table of ICT Workforce Development 2000 - 2010 per Country in Europe

2000200120022003200420052006200720082010
Europe (EU)2,702,8883,146,8833,159,2473,200,8903,225,0913,536,0053,714,2003,803,4973,925,53104,136,174
Austria56,42162,64670,13669,38158,42266,57866,67167,37074,057077,194
Belgium60,45070,29475,44764,62482,72981,38785,80695,62691,2830116,197
Bulgaria12,79614,18211,80514,13718,06020,82523,44627,83229,493027,067
Cyprus2,0632,8812,0712,8662,9433,1873,2614,2634,00003,415
Czech Republic69,44479,83186,33984,36769,26678,71187,57096,296110,8050121,585
Denmark63,45658,49465,78473,95770,22266,87474,84676,08385,424085,753
Estonia3,8044,6778,7165,3233,7034,8976,9917,8948,966010,052
Finland46,67551,68657,18961,94360,77965,21667,01770,66370,971068,503
France369,241436,278441,737428,618428,115485,020487,619454,253472,0010500,144
Germany552,087614,857586,725609,874596,061667,591671,200688,163718,6980782,763
Greece14,94114,36719,39418,85123,09423,99123,96627,48725,022032,443
Hungary34,85743,72848,28355,70154,99051,71261,63858,07460,652061,918
Ireland20,45322,34625,52925,11225,28724,12524,97823,76325,110028,560
Italy193,129231,917262,197272,051297,076306,668341,668347,190370,7750372,597
Latvia9,5716,9857,67810,66912,01313,65113,37414,19114,197013,722
Lithunia8,8475,8534,1216,37011,5767,3388,3319,48912,173013,026
Luxembourg2,7753,7883,1613,1043,8723,9463,9064,1345,99306,779
Malta003,0091,8312,3452,7402,1762,7862,71202,665
Netherlands248,975256,313251,954264,413254,568263,400248,879251,057266,8440264,709
Poland103,590120,597123,233122,618111,990146,391172,746195,548195,9110206,029
Portugal32,46943,59946,75745,96142,86251,28957,72761,85351,818054,320
Romania0000038,54556,05762,05363,997064,690
Slovakia20,93024,08324,82723,92425,68535,36643,82849,14742,601041,383
Slovenia10,4019,16912,30114,91614,53115,55118,85618,27318,077018,681
Spain158,973181,605184,610174,710207,298247,967285,639303,058300,0550315,223
Sweden135,180148,622145,536132,707130,613141,827145,389152,650161,0220172,840
United Kingdom471,360638,084590,710612,861616,993621,212630,616634,299642,8760673,916

Source: empirica calculations based on an LFS data retrieval done by Eurostat.

Note: empirica calculations based on an LFS data retrieval done by Eurostat. The data for 2011 are averages of Q1 and Q2 data 2011 and ISCO08 -based definitions. The data for the period 2000-2010 represent ISCO-88 data. In 2011, the classification system changed to ISCO-08. Therefore 2011 totals are not comparable to earlier years. The total can to some extent be compared but is not identical with the “core” skills definition shown in the first table for 2011. Data for other groups such as Management and Business Architecture level skills are not available for 2000 – 2010.